Scooter VINs

This table lists World Manufacturer Identification (WMI) codes for various scooter manufacturers. The WMI is the first three digits of a Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). The first digit indicates the country of manufacture, and all countries are listed here. The second and third digits are a unique identifier for a specific manufacturer. Manufacturers who build fewer than 500 vehicles a year are not given a unique WMI, their VIN usually (but not always) starts with the country of origin, the first letter of their company name, and a “9” as the third digit. This system came into use in about 1980, earlier scooters do not follow these patterns.

The table was compiled from various sources including Wikipedia, Scoot.net’s stolen scooter listings, dealer interviews, research at various rallies and trade shows, the NHTSA database, and a lot of help from a thread on the ScootDawg forum. While we strive for accurate information, there may be errors, and some listings and comments may not accurately represent manufacturer/importer relationships. Also note that some manufacturers supply various importers and some importers utilize various manufacturers, and these relationships change from time to time.

We’d greatly appreciate any additions, corrections, or clarifications, especially from firsthand sources with reliable data. Please contact us at illnoiseAT2strokebuzzDOTcom. Thanks!

WMI

Country of
Manufacture

Manufacturer Name

Brands matching WMI

Notes

1

United States

1A-10: United States

1Z9

United States

Various

Ozbike, Chopper companies, etc

Companies manufacturing under 500 bikes have a "9" as the third digit)

2

Canada

2A-20: Canada

3

Central America

3A-3W: Mexico,
3X-37: Costa Rica,
38-30 not used

3CG

Mexico

KTM Mex SA de CV

Tank, Viva?

Probably manufactured by LAA, allegedly assembled in Mexico

3H1

Mexico

American Honda Motor Co.

Honda

Some 80s/90s Honda scooters appear to have been manufactured in Mexico. Unclear if they were sold in U.S. market.

4

United States

4A-40: United States

4M0

United States

Vectrix Corporation

Vectrix electric scooters

See also SZC

5

United States

5A-50: United States

5F0

United States

CMSI (Classic Motorcycle and Sidecar)

T'N'G

Mainly Chinese, Some TNGs were partially assembled in U.S.

5KM

United States

Vento North America LLC

Vento

Chinese,, Final assembly allegedly in U.S.

5P4

United States

Power Sports Factory

(Yamati/Strada)

Chinese,, Final assembly allegedly in U.S.

5RY

United States

Roketa /Unique Industrial & Trading/Goldenvale Inc

(Roketa, TANK, Rokatak?)

Mainly Chinese, Final assembly allegedly in U.S.

6

Australia

6A-6W: Australia,
6X-60: not used

7

New Zealand

7A-7E New Zealand,
7F-70 not used

8

South America

8A-8E: Argentina
8F-8K: Chile
8L-8R: Ecuador
8S-8W: Peru
8X-82: Venezuela
83-80: not used

8CG

Argentina

Garelli Argentina

Garelli

1990s mopeds

9

South America

9A-9E: Brazil
9F-9K: Colombia
9L-9R: Paraguay
9S-9W: Uruguay
9X-92: Trinidad & Tobago
93-99: Brazil
90: not used

A

Africa

AA-AH: South Africa
AJ-AN: Ivory Coast
AP-A0: not used

B

Africa

BA-BE: Angola
BF-BK: Kenya
BL-BR: Tanzania
BS-B0: not used

C

Africa

CA-CE: Benin
CF-CK: Malagasy
CL-CR: Tunisia
CS-C0: not used

D

Africa

DA-DE: Egypt
DF-DK: Morocco
DL-DR: Zambia
DS-D0: not used

E

Africa

EA-EE: Ethiopia
EF-EK: Mozambique
EL-E0: not used

F

Africa

FA-FE: Ghana
FF-FK: Nigeria
FF-FK: Madagascar
FL-F0: not used

FY1

China (!?)

Guangzhou Panyu Huanan Motors Group

Sachs, Schwinn

Engine VIN on Sachs motorcycle and Peirspeed 400cc scooter at DealerExpo08

G

Africa

GA-G0: not used

H

Africa

HA-H0: not used

I

Not used

the letter “I” is not generally used in VINs or WMIs to prevent confusion with the number 1.

J

Japan

JA-J0: Japan

JH2

Japan

American Honda Motor Co

Honda

JKA

Japan

Kawasaki Motor Corporation

Kawasaki

JS1

Japan

American Suzuki Motor Corp.

Suzuki

JYA

Japan

Yamaha Motor Corp U.S.A

Yamaha

See also LPR

K

South Korea

KL-KR: South Korea
KS-K0: not used

K16

Korea?

?

QLink?

Appeared in Qlink booth at DealerExpo 2008. See also LAE

KM4

South Korea

Hyosung Motors & Machinery, Inc.

Hyosung

KMC

South Korea

United Motors

UM, United Motors

does not appear in NHTSA database

L

China

LA-L0: China

L1E

China

Zehjiang Lingyun MC Co

Diamo

L2B

China

Jiangsu Baodiao Locomotive Company

?

L4B

China

China Xingyue Group Co

Nikota, Panterra

L4S

China

Zhejiang Xingyue Vehicle Co., Ltd.

Vog, Paris, Komoda, Eagle 1, Linhai?

L5C

China

Zhehiang Mengdeli Electric Co.,Ltd

Mengdeli

L5R

China

Jiangsu Dafier Motorcycle Co. Ltd.

Wildfire

Listed only as "electric bike" importer with NHTSA

L5M

China

Cixi Konced Motorcycle Co. Ltd./Ningbo Kangda Bicycle Co Ltd.

Baron

L5X

China

Konced Motorcycle Co

Konced, Allroad

L5X, L5Y, LFY seem to overlap

L5Y

China

Taizhou Zhongnen MC Co. (aka Zhejlang Zhongneng)

Lance, Bandit, 08 TNG, ZNen, Eagle

(L5X, L5Y, LFY seem to overlap)

L8X

China

Zhejiang Summit Huawin Motorcycle Co., LTD.

Wildfire

L8Y

China

Shanghai Shenke M/C Co., Ltd

Jonway, Sun-L

LAA

China

China Jialing Industrial Group Co

Tank Urban

see 3CG

LAE

China

China Qingqi Group, Ltd/Jinan Quingqi Moto/Shanghe Light MC/ Shandong Pioneer MC Co

Quingqi, QQ, GoGo, QLink

possibly related to LAW?

LAN

China

Yamasaki (China) M/C Co, Ltd., dba Changzhou

Yamasaki

LAT

China

Guangzhou Dayang Motorcycle Co., Ltd

Dayang, Dayun

LAW

China

Qianjiang MC Group

Keeway, Quingqi, Strada, 02/03 TNG, Motomojo Uptown, QJ, Vento, Baja, Benelli, Andretti

Owns Benelli, Euro-market bikes assembled in Italy (seeZBN). Also seen on frame of Diamo prototype at DealerExpo2008. possible related to LAE?

LB1

China

?

LS Motorsports/Diamo Italjet

Torpedo and Roller Craft on display at DealerExpo 2008

LB2

China

China Geely Group Co

GEELY, Zscooter

LBF

China

Xujiaying High & New Technology

Speed?

LBM

China

Zongshen Piaggio Foshan MC Co Ltd

Chinese-made Piaggios

some Piaggio Flys should have this WMI (confirm)

LCE

China

Chunfeng Holding Group Co Ltd

CFMoto, QLink

LD5

China

Benzhou Vehicle Ind. Grp Co, Ltd

Schwinn 06

LD6

China

Zhejiang Leike Machinery Industry Co

Motobravo

LE8

China

Guangzhou Panyu Huanana Motors Ind. Co. Ltd

Schwinn 07, Sachs (Madass), Q-Link, “Gung,” HRSC Guerlain

LF3

China

Chongquing Lifan Industry, Inc

Lifan, Pony

LFG

China

Chengfei MC Mnfg Co/Taizhou Chuanl MC Mnfg Co.

YMoto, Motobravo, Chuani, Longbo?

LFF

China

Zhejtang Taizhou Wangye Power Co, Ltd

Motofino, Baccio, RideGreen, Flexi, Kenos, Roketa

LFG

China

Chengfei MC Mnfg Co/Taizhou Chuanl MC Mnfg Co.

Atlantic/ Maijia/Couhen/Chaunl/Adventure

LFY

China

Baotian MC Industrial Co/Changshu Light MC Factory/Zhejiang Zhongneng MC Co

Baron, Milan, "Lambretta," Jin Jian, ZN Motor, Zhong Neng, ZNen, FlyScooter, Lance

L5X, L5Y, LFY seem to overlap

LHJ

China

Chongqing Astronautical Bashan

Peace, Roketa, Eagle

LJ2

China

Shanghai Maple Automobile Co

Panda/Enjoy

LJ4

China

Shanghai JMStar MC Co

Roketa, Baron, JMStar/JMST, TANK, Viva?, NST (JMStar uses Jonway’s EPA certs)

LJ7

China

Zhongxing Group Co. Ltd.

Jonway, JMStar

LJE

China

Jiangmen Dihao Motorcycle Co Ltd

Huoniao

LL8

China

Jiangsu Linhai Power Machinery Group

Linhai, SuperStrada, Diamo, Aeolus)

(Tied to Yamaha?)

LMF

China

?? Not in NTHSA database

LRX?

LPR

China

Yamaha Motor Taiwan Co

Yamaha Vino, Cygnus X, Zuma

Though company name includes "Taiwan," these U.S.-market Yamahas are built in China.

LWG

China

Chongqing Huansong Industries Group, Ltd – Tomoto Industries Inc.

Tomoto, Baja Motorsports (Pep Boys)

LXK

China

Shanghai Meitian MC Co/Shanghai MJST

Meitian, Argo

LXM

China

Xiamen Xiashing Motorcycle Co. Ltd (Owned by SYM?)

Tomos Mopeds

LY8

China

Guangzhou Ja Yun Bao Automobile Co Ltd., Shanghai Shenke Motorcycle Co., LTD.

Redstreak

LYD

China

Taizhou City Kaitong Mcy Mnfg. Co.

Supermatch, Titan US, Sportiva

LYD

China

Taizhou City Kaitong MC Manufacture Co.

Velocity

LYE

China

Chongqing Kaier M/C Mfg Co Ltd

Adanac

At DealerExpo 2008 with a huge "made in Canada" banner

LZE

China

Zhuhai Zhujiang Vehicle Co Ltd

Scorpion? Dazon, TANK, Redcat ATVs

LZP

China

Zhongshan Guochi MC/Zhongxing Group Co. Ltd.

LZS

China

Zongshen Industrial Group

Zongshen

M

Southeast Asia

MF-MK: Indonesia
ML-MR: Thailand
MS-M0: not used

MD

India

MA-ME: India

MD2

India

Bajaj Auto Ltd

Bajaj

MD7

India

LML Limited

LML, Genuine Stella (U.S.) Belladonna (N.Z.)

N

Middle East

NF-NK: Pakistan
NL-NR: Turkey
NS-N0: not used

O

Not used

the letter O is not generally used in VINs or WMIs to prevent confusion with the number 0.

P

Southeast Asia

PA-PE: Philipines
PF-PK: Singapore
PL-PR: Malaysia
PS-P0: not used

Q

Not used

the letter Q is not generally used in VINs or WMIs to prevent confusion with the number 0.

QJ1

?

?

Diamo

Engine VIN, scooter on display at DealerExpo 2008

R

UAE, Taiwan, Vietnam

RA-RE: United Arab Emirates
RF-RK; Taiwan
RL-RR: Vietnam
RS-R0: not used

RF3

Taiwan

Not listed in NHTSA database

Alpha Sports

RFB

Taiwan

Kwang Yang Motor Co

Kymco

RFC

Taiwan

Taiwan Golden Bee

TGB

Imported to US by Cobra Powersports

RFG

Taiwan

Sanyang Industry Co

SYM

RFL

Taiwan

Her Chee Industrial Co Ltd.

Adly, "Lambretta"

RFT

Taiwan

CPI Motor Co.

MZ, CPI

Possibly Strada/Andretti?

RFV

Taiwan

Motive Power Industry Co

PGO, Genuine

RFZ

Taiwan

Keen Perception Industries/E-Ton America

E-ton

RGR

Taiwan

GAMAX Moto Corporation

Gamax, GSpillo

RK1

Taiwan

E-TON Poer Tech Co., LTD.

E-TON (Eton)

RKZ

Taiwan

Kin Sui Cheng Industrial Co/Taiwan Helio Tech

eGo electric bikes

S

Europe

SA-SM: Great Britain
SN-ST: Germany
SU-SZ: Poland
S1-S0: not used

SZC

Poland

Vectrix Corporation

Vectrix Electric Scooters

See also 4M0

T

Europe

TA-TH: Switzerland
TJ-TP: Czechoslovakia
TR-TV: Hungary
TW-T1: Portugal
T2-T0: not used

U

Europe

UA-UG: not used
UH-UM: Denmark
UN-UT: Ireland
UU-UZ: Romania
U1-U4: not used
U5-U7: Slovakia
U8-U0: not used

V

Europe

VA-VE: Austria
VF-VR: France
VS-VW: Spain
VX-V2: Yugoslavia
V3-V5: Croatia
V6-V0: Estonia

VE1

unknown

Yamati

(not confirmed)

VGA

France

Peugeot Motorcycles

Peugeot

VTA

Spain

Motovespa SA

Derbi

VTH

Spain

Nacional Motor S.A./Cycle Imports

Derbi

W

Germany

WA-W0: Germany

WSF

Germany

Sachs-Fahrzeug Und Motorentechnik Gmbh

Sachs

German-market samples at Dealer Expo08, US Market will have Chinese VIN

X

Europe

XA-XE: Bulgaria
XF-XK: Greece
XL-XR: Netherlands
XS-XW: U.S.S.R.
XX-X2: Luxembourg
X3-X0: Russia

XDT

?

?

Sportiva

On display at DealerExpo 2008, not in NHTSA database. See LYD

XTN

Russia

FGUP GSKB

China XingYue Group

on display at Dealer Expo 2008, not listed with NHTSA

XYD

?

?

China XingYue Group

on display at Dealer Expo 2008, not listed with NHTSA

Y

Europe

YA-YE: Belgium
YF-YK: Finland
YL-YR: Malta
YS-YW: Sweden
YX-Y2: Norway
Y3-Y5: Belarus
Y6-Y0: Ukraine

YTM

Taiwan

PGO

1986 PGO Sport 150 LS (pre-apaptation of world standards)

Z

Europe

ZA-ZR: Italy
ZS-ZW: not used
ZX-Z2: Slovenia
Z3-Z5: Lithuania
Z6-Z0: not used

ZAP

Italy

Piaggio Group Americas, Inc.

Piaggio, Vespa, Gilera

ZBN

Italy

Benelli, Q J Srl

Benelli

(built in China by Qianjiang, Euro market bikes are assembled in Italy). Motorcycles are distributed in US by Keeway (Qianjiang), scooters by PowerSportsFactory

ZDC

Italy

Honda Italia Industriale SPA

Honda

ZD4

Italy

Aprilia SpA

Aprilia

ZG3

Italy

Garelli Motor Co Srl

Garelli

ZGU

Italy

Moto Guzzi SpA

MotoGuzzi

ZJM

Italy

Malaguti SpA

Malaguti

ZJT

Italy

Italjet Moto Srl/Italjet SpA/Mod Cycles Corp

pre-Diamo Italjet

ZZ1

Slovenia

Tomos

Tomos mopeds

Join the Conversation

5 Comments

  1. There is an error in the listing for Yamaha. The LPR designation is correct for Yamaha of Taiwan. A Yamaha representative explained that LPR can be used for both Taiwan and China. Those scooters built in Taiwan say “Yamaha Motor Taiwan Co” on the ID sticker under the seat. Those built in China say “Yamaha-Linhai Motor Co” The C3, Zuma and Vino 50 are built in Taiwan with imported Japanese parts (engine, fuel system, most mechanicals). The Vino 125 is completely manufactured in Taiwan. All of these scooters bear the “LPR” VIN numbers. The Linhai scooters are completely manufactured in China, using 90% Chinese made parts.

  2. what’s the number? I’ve seen some Chinese scooters with VINS that don’t conform to the international standard, but most of them had been brought in illegally, or were on display at trade shows. Some have different plates with different codes, so be sure you’re looking at the VIN and not some Xingyue-specific code. The real VIN should be on the title, too, of course.

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